More on Nouns | Substantivos em Inglês

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Nouns: A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.

Nouns are classified in several ways: common or proper; abstract or concrete; and collective.

A Common Noun is a name given to the members of a class, that is, to words designating types of persons, things or places. Common nouns do not begin with capital letters: child, boys, box, dozen, farm, city, structure.

A Proper Noun names a particular member of a class and it does begin with a capital letter: Jane, Tom, Lux, Sunny Acres, Washington, Eiffel Tower.

An Abstract Noun is the name of a quality or general idea that cannot be felt by the senses: faith, intelligence, grace, happines, courage, fear.

A Concrete Noun names a material (tangible) thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses: fire, aroma, book, hamburger, stone, rose, record, candy.

A Collective Noun names a group of individuals or items. Although it refers to more than one, it is singular form: pair, committee, squad, team, congress, species, crowd, army, crew.

Nouns have certain characteristics:

1. They are usually preceded by such words as: the, a, an, my, your, his, her, some, each, every, their, this, and that.

2. They have certain characteristic endings: -al, -tion, -ness, -ment, -ure, -dom, -ism, -ance, for example, which distinguish them from corresponding verbs or adjectives:

Arrive - arrival; create - creation; soft - softness; refine - refinement; depart - departure; wise - wisdom; real - realism; rely - reliance.

3. Nouns and identically spelled verbs may sometimes be differentiated by accent: per’mit (noun) - permit’ (verb); rec’ord (noun) - record’ (verb); sub’ject (noun) - subject’ (verb).

4. Nouns can be:

Singular or plural (Number)

Masculine, Feminine, Neuter or Common (Gender)

∙They can be in the Subject, Object or Possessive Case

∙They are usually found in set positions: before a verb (a lion roars); after the verb (wash the car); or after a preposition (working for money).

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